sâmbătă, 7 noiembrie 2009

Architectural Paris over History / Arhitectura Parisului de-a lungul istoriei

In Paris each period has contributed to the variety of buildings. However, some areas have the flavour of a particular time. For instance :

· IInd century : the Roman baths, adjacent to the Cluny (XVth Century) museum, are quite impressive ; around it, visit an interesting "medieval garden".

· XIIth-XIIIth century : Medieval Paris, with Notre-Dame, the Sainte Chapelle

· XVIth century : visit the Marais and all its mansions (Carnavalet, the historical museum of Paris )

· XVIIth century : Place des Vosges is a remarkable example of urban harmony and many monuments in Paris illustrate this period (the Invalides etc)

· XVIIIth century : Parc Monceau and the buildings around it, including the wonderfully furnished Musée Nissim de Camondo

· XIXth century is the Golden Age of embellishment of the city ; the illustrious prefect Haussmann created the large avenues, the style of buildings (light brown-yellow stone and slate roofs) leaving room for major monuments

· 1900s : in addition to the Grand Palais, the Galeries Lafayette and the Metro entrances, do not miss Art-Nouveau buildings such as 29 Avenue Rapp

· 1930s : the Trocadero Palace (facing the Eiffel Tower)

· 1960s : everything from Front de Seine to buildings in La Défense

· 1970s : under Mitterrand's presidency, several " Grands Projets ", ranging from la Grande Arche de la Défense to the new Opera house in Bastille or the Bibliothèque Nationale

· 1990s : building illustrating the necessity of an opening to the world (Institut du Monde Arabe, near Notre Dame and Musée du Quai Branly near Eiffel Tower)









In Paris fiecare perioada a contribuit de-a lungul secolelor la muzeul care este acest oras in sine. Unele zone au o anumita caracteristica, o “ aroma “ speciala a timpului din care apartin.

Sec.al II-lea : BAILE ROMANE – invecinate cu Muzeul Cluny ( sec.al XV-lea ) sunt chiar impresionante, in jurul lor se poate vedea o interesanta “ gradina medievala “

Sec. al XII-XIII-lea : PARISUL MEDIEVAL – Notre-Dame, Sainte Chapelle

Sec. al. XVI-lea : MARAIS si toate cladirile sale in mod special Carnavalet – muzeul istoric al Parisului

Sec. XVII – lea : PLACE DES VOSGES : este un exemplu de armonie urbana si multe din monumentele istorice ale Parisului ilustreaza aceasta perioada ( Les Invalides )

Sec. XVII - lea : PARC MONCEAU si cladirile din jurul sau inclusiv minunatul Musée Nissim de Camondo

Sec. XIX - lea : secolul de aur al infrumusetarii acestui oras, al ilustrului prefect Haussmann care a creat bulevardele largi si care a dat caracteristica Parisului lasand spatiu pentru mariile monumente si parcurilor.

Anii 1900 : pe langa GRAND PALAIS, GALERIILE LAFAYETTE si intrarile de la METRO nu ratati cladirile in stil Art-Nouveau precum 29 Avenue Rapp.

Anii 1930 : TROCADERO PALACE de langa Turnul Eiffel.

Anii 1960 : ceea ce s-a construit pe malul Senei pana la cladiri din LA DEFENSE.

Anii 1970 : sub presedentia lui Mitterand s-au construit cateva “ MARI PROIECTE “ precum : LA GRAND ARCHE – din Defense, OPERA – din Bastille, BIBLIOTEQUE NATIONALE.

Anii 1990 – inceput 2000 : cladiri care aratau nevoie de deschidere spre lume : INSTITUTE DU MONDE ARABE sau MUSEE DU QUAI BRANLY.

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